Copiapoa Britton & Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 3: 85, 1922

Copiapoa alticostata F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 29., 1963

Copiapoa alticostata v. minima

Copiapoa applanata Backeberg, Die Cactaceae 3: 1913, 1959

Copiapoa atacamensis H. Middleditch, The Chileans 11 (37): 21, 1980

Copiapoa atacamensis v. atacamensis

Copiapoa atacamensis v. calderana (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 98, 1989

Copiapoa aurata

Copiapoa aureispina

Copiapoa barquitensis F. Ritter 

Copiapoa boliviana (Pfeiffer) F. Ritter, Kakteen in Sudamerika 3: 1089-90, 1980

Copiapoa borealis

Copiapoa bridgesii (Pfeiffer) Backeberg, Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 3. (1959), 1909

Copiapoa brunnescens Backeberg, Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 3. (1959). nomen provis., sine descr. lat., 1901

Copiapoa calderana F. Ritter, Cactus (Paris) no. 65: 197. 1959, 1959

Copiapoa calderana ssp. calderana

Copiapoa calderana ssp. longistaminea (F. Ritter) N.P. Taylor, Cactaceae Consensus Initiatives, 6: 15: , 1998

Copiapoa calderana v. longispina

Copiapoa calderana v. spinosior F. Ritter, Kakteen in Sudamerika 3: 1082, 1980

Copiapoa carrizalensis F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 14. No. 63, 139., 1959

Copiapoa carrizalensis v. carrizalensis

Copiapoa carrizalensis v. gigantea F. Ritter, Taxon 12: 29, 1963

Copiapoa castanea F. Ritter 

Copiapoa chanaralensis F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1063, 1980

Copiapoa cinerascens (Salm-Dyck) Britton & Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 3: 88, 1922

Copiapoa cinerascens v. cinerascens

Copiapoa cinerascens v. grandiflora (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 100, 1989

Copiapoa cinerascens v. intermedia F. Ritter, Kakteen in Sudamerika 3: 1084, 1980

Copiapoa cinerea (R. Philippi) Britton & Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 3: 86, f. 98, 1922

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. cinerea

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. columna-alba (F. Ritter) M. Meregalli, Piante Grasse, 11 (4): 20 ( publ. 1992), contrary to Arts. 24. 1, 32. 1 ICBN (1988): , 1991

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. dealbata (F. Ritter) Backeberg, Die Cactaceae 6: 3823, 1962

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. gigantea (Backeberg) N.P. Taylor, Bradleya; Yearbook of the British Cactus and Succulent Society 5: 92, 1987

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. haseltoniana (Backeberg) N.P. Taylor, Cactaceae Consensus Initiatives, 3: 8: , 1981

Copiapoa cinerea v. albispina F. Ritter, Taxon 12: 30., 1963

Copiapoa cinerea v. caespitosa

Copiapoa cinerea v. eremophila (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 106, 1989

Copiapoa cinerea v. flavescens Backeberg  1959

Copiapoa cinerea v. horrida

Copiapoa cinerea v. intermedia

Copiapoa cinerea v. krainziana (F. Ritter) G.J. Charles, Brit. Cact. Succ. J., 16 (1): 15: , 1998

Copiapoa cinerea v. longistaminea (F. Ritter) G.J. Charles, Brit. Cact. Succ. J., 16 (1): 15:, 1998

Copiapoa cinerea v. minicarpa

Copiapoa cinerea v. tenebrosa (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 106, 1989

Copiapoa columna-alba F. Ritter, Cactus (Paris) no. 65: 199. 1959, 1959

Copiapoa columna-alba f. albata Cat. K. Knize 1990 

Copiapoa columna-alba v. nuda F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1095, 1980

Copiapoa conglomerata (R. Philippi) Lembcke, Kakt. & Sukkulent. 17. 29, 1966

Copiapoa continua  

Copiapoa copiapensis (Pfeiffer) M. Meregalli, Piante Grasse, 11 (4): 22 ( publ. 1992), contrary to Art. 34. 1 ICBN (1988): , 1991

Copiapoa coquimbana (Karwinski) Britton & Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 3: 87, pl. 10, f. 2, 1922

Copiapoa coquimbana v. alticostata (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 108, 1989

Copiapoa coquimbana v. armata F. Ritter, Kakteen in Sudamerika 3: 1075, 1980

Copiapoa coquimbana v. chaniarensis

Copiapoa coquimbana v. coquimbana

Copiapoa coquimbana v. deminuta

Copiapoa coquimbana v. fiedleriana (K. Schumann) A. Hoffmann, Cactaceas 108, 1989

Copiapoa coquimbana v. longispina

Copiapoa coquimbana v. microcarpa

Copiapoa coquimbana v. microsperma

Copiapoa coquimbana v. pendulina (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 108, 1989

Copiapoa coquimbana v. procera  

Copiapoa coquimbana v. pseudocoquimbana (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 108, 1989

Copiapoa coquimbana v. vallenarensis (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 108, 1989

Copiapoa coquimbana v. wagenknechtii F. Ritter, Taxon 12: 30., 1963

Copiapoa crucicentra

Copiapoa cuprea F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 14. No. 63, 136., 1959

Copiapoa cupreata (Poselger) Backeberg, Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 3. (1959), 1920

Copiapoa dealbata F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 14. No. 63, 137., 1959

Copiapoa dealbata f. gigantea (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 112, 1989

Copiapoa dealbata v. carrizalensis (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 112, 1989

Copiapoa dealbata v. dealbata

Copiapoa dealbata v. deminuta

Copiapoa dealbata v. longispina

Copiapoa deserticola

Copiapoa desertorum F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1060, 1980

Copiapoa desertorum v. desertorum

Copiapoa desertorum v. hornilloensis (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 114, 1989

Copiapoa desertorum v. rubriflora (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 114, 1989

Copiapoa desertorum v. rupestris (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann j., Cactaceas 114, 1989

Copiapoa domeykoensis

Copiapoa dura F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 31., 1963

Copiapoa dura v. cuprea

Copiapoa echinata F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 14. No. 63, 133., 1959

Copiapoa echinata v. borealis F. Ritter 

Copiapoa echinata v. borealis pulla

Copiapoa echinata v. echinata

Copiapoa echinata v. pulla F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1081, 1980

Copiapoa echinata v. totoralensis

Copiapoa echinoides (Lemaire) Britton & Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 3: 88-89, f. 100, 1922

Copiapoa echinoides v. cuprea (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 116: , 1989

Copiapoa echinus

Copiapoa eremophila F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1104, 1980

Copiapoa esmeraldana F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1064, 1980

Copiapoa ferox Lembcke & Backeberg, Backeb. Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 3. (1959). 1922

Copiapoa fiedleriana (K. Schumann) Backeberg, Kaktus-ABC 280, 1935

Copiapoa gigantea Backeberg, Jahrbuch der Deutschen Kakteen-Gesellschaft 1: 104, 1936

Copiapoa gigantea v. eremophila

Copiapoa gigantea v. haseltoniana (Backeberg) F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1101:, 1980

Copiapoa goldii

Copiapoa grandiflora P. F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 30., 1963

Copiapoa grandiflorens

Copiapoa haseltoniana Backeberg, Descriptiones Cactacearum Novarum 3: 33, 1956

Copiapoa hornilloensis F. Ritter, Kakteen in Sudamerika 3: 1060, 1963

Copiapoa horridispina  

Copiapoa humilis (R. Philippi) Hutchison, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 25. 34, 1953

Copiapoa humilis v. esmeraldana (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 118: , 1989

Copiapoa humilis v. longispina (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 118: , 1989

Copiapoa humilis v. montana

Copiapoa humilis v. oliviana

Copiapoa humilis v. paposoensis (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 118, basionym invalid: , 1989

Copiapoa humilis v. taltalensis (Werdermann) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 118: , 1989

Copiapoa humilis v. tenuissima (F. Ritter) G.J. Charles, Brit. Cact. Succ. J., 16 (1): 15: , 1998

Copiapoa humilis v. tocopillana (F. Ritter) G.J. Charles, Brit. Cact. Succ. J., 16 (1): 15: , 1998

Copiapoa humilis v. variispinata (F. Ritter) G. Charles, Copiapoa (Cactus File Handbook, 4): 48: , 1998

Copiapoa hypogaea F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 15. No. 66, 19., 1960

Copiapoa hypogaea v. barquitensis F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1086, 1980

Copiapoa hypogaea v. laui (Diers) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 120, as 'lauii': , 1989

Copiapoa hypogaea v. montana (F. Ritter) G.J. Charles, Brit. Cact. Succ. J., 16 (1): 15: , 1998

Copiapoa hypogaea v. subterranea

Copiapoa imbricata

Copiapoa imbricata v. rubriflora

Copiapoa intermedia F. Ritter 

Copiapoa intricata M. Meregalli, Piante Grasse 11 (4): 34, 1991 [1992]

Copiapoa knizei (Kníze & Ríha) J.J. Halda, Cactaceae etc., cf. Repert. Pl. Succ. (I. O. S.), 8 (4): 134; 49: 15 (1998 publ. 1999): , 1998

Copiapoa krainziana F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 30, 1963

Copiapoa krainziana v. krainiana

Copiapoa krainziana v. scopulina F. Ritter, Taxon 12: 31., 1963

Copiapoa laui L. Diers & E. Esteves Pereira, Kakt. And. Sukk., 31 (12): 365, 1980

Copiapoa lembckei Backeberg, Die Cactaceae 3: 1922, 1959

Copiapoa lembckei v. magnifica

Copiapoa longispina F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 31., 1963

Copiapoa longistaminea F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 31, 1963

Copiapoa macracantha (Salm-Dyck) M. Meregalli, Piante Grasse, 11 (4): 38 ( publ. 1992), contrary to Art. 34. 1 ICBN (1988): , 1991

Copiapoa magnifica  

Copiapoa magnimamma F. Ritter & Y. Ito, Y. Ito, The Cactaceae: 375, without type, 1981

Copiapoa malletiana (Lemaire) Backeberg, Kaktus-ABC 280, 1935

Copiapoa marginata (Salm-Dyck) Britton & Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 3: 86-87, f. 99, 1922

Copiapoa marginata v. bridgesii (Pfeiffer) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 124: , 1989

Copiapoa marginata v. magnifica

Copiapoa maritima

Copiapoa megarhiza Britton & Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 3: 89, 1922

Copiapoa megarhiza v. echinata (F. Ritter) A.E. Hoffmann J., Cactaceas en la flora silvestre de Chile: 126: , 1989

Copiapoa megarhiza v. microrhiza F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1081, 1980

Copiapoa melanohystrix F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1096, 1980

Copiapoa microcarpa  

Copiapoa militaris

Copiapoa minima

Copiapoa minuta

Copiapoa mollicula P. F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 30., 1963

Copiapoa montana F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 15. No. 66, 21., 1960

Copiapoa montana ssp. grandiflora (F. Ritter) N.P. Taylor, Cactaceae Consensus Initiatives, 3: 8: , 1997

Copiapoa montana ssp. montana

Copiapoa monteamarguensis

Copiapoa multicolor Hort 

Copiapoa neocoquimbana Y. Ito, The Cactaceae: 368, nom. nov., without full repl. syn. ref.:, 1981

Copiapoa neocoquimbana v. wagenknechtii (F. Ritter) Y. Ito, The Cactaceae: 369, specific name not validly publ.: , 1981

Copiapoa olivana F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1088, 1980

Copiapoa paipotensis

Copiapoa paposoensis F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1068, 1980

Copiapoa pendulina F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 14. No. 63, 134., 1959

Copiapoa pepiniana (K. Schumann non Lem) Backeberg, Backeb. & F. M. Knuth, Kaktus-ABC, 281, 1935

Copiapoa pepiniana v. fiedleriana (K. Schumann) Backeberg, Die Cactaceae 3: 1919, 1959

Copiapoa pepiniana v. pepiniana

Copiapoa pepiniana v. straminea

Copiapoa pseudocoquimbana F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 30, 1963

Copiapoa pseudocoquimbana v. armata

Copiapoa pseudocoquimbana v. chaniarensis F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1077, 1980

Copiapoa pseudocoquimbana v. domeykoensis F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1077, 1980

Copiapoa pseudocoquimbana v. pseudocoquimbana

Copiapoa pseudocoquimbana v. vulgata F. Ritter, Taxon 12: 30., 1963

Copiapoa rarissima F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1088, 1980

Copiapoa rubriflora F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 31., 1963

Copiapoa rupestris F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 31, 1963

Copiapoa rupestris v. desertorum

Copiapoa scopulina F. Ritter 

Copiapoa serenana M.Voldan, Kakt. And. Sukk., 27 (8): 185, 1976

Copiapoa serpentisulcata F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 15. No. 66, 22., 1960

Copiapoa serpentisulcata v. castanea F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1093, 1980

Copiapoa serpentisulcata v. serpentisulcata

Copiapoa solaris (F. Ritter) F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1047: , 1980

Copiapoa solaris v. luteispina

Copiapoa streptocaulon (Hook.) F. Ritter, Kakt. & Sukkulent. 12. 6, cum descr. emend., 1961

Copiapoa taltalensis (Werdermann) Looser, Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., 33. 614, 1929

Copiapoa tenebrosa F. Ritter, Kakteen in Sudamerika 3: 1098, 1980

Copiapoa tenuispina  

Copiapoa tenuissima F. Ritter, Taxon, 12. 31., 1963

Copiapoa tenuissima v. monstruosa

Copiapoa tigrillensis n.n.

Copiapoa tocopillana F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1072, 1980

Copiapoa totoralensis F. Ritter, Cactus, Paris, 15. No. 66, 23., 1960

Copiapoa uhligiana

Copiapoa uhligiana v. aureispina

Copiapoa vallenarensis F. Ritter, Kakteen in Sudamerika 3: 1077, 1980

Copiapoa varispinata F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 3: 1070, 1980

Copiapoa vulgata

Copiapoa wagenknechtii F. Ritter  1959

Copiapoa wagenringeliana